This epidemic is certainly inflamed by stigma and punitive laws and won’t stop burning until harm reduction and drug substitution are scaled up. The article details the toll of HIV/AIDS on youth and women in the spot and includes responses by a researcher who published a report examining the rise of HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation and a ladies living with HIV from the region . The minister informed delegates there were an estimated 5.5 million South Africans infected with the HIV virus, of whom over one million were now receiving treatment for the disease.Carcinomas can be additional grouped into four sub-types; squamous cell carcinomas , adenocarcinomas , transitional cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinomas . 2) LEUKAEMIAS & LYMPHOMAS: – These kinds of cancers represent around 7 percent of cancer cases. They are grouped together because they both develop in the cells of the immune system. Leukaemias develop in the cells of the myeloid program which protects the body from parasites and bacteria. Lymphomas develop in the lymphatic program which help the body fight infection. 3) SARCOMAS: – Sarcomas are among the rarest types of malignancy accounting for less than 1 percent of all diagnoses. They develop in the connective tissues of the physical body and may be further divided into three main sub-types; bone carcinomas , gastro-intestinal stromal tumours and gentle cells sarcomas .